The Karbala incident is one of the most influential events in shaping the history of Islam after 60H*. After Hazrat Ali (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Rashidun Caliph of Islam, embraced shahadat in his capital Kufa, the political power house of Islam shifted to Syria. The elder son of Hazrat Ali, Hassan(May Allah Be Pleased With Him) ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib held the office of The Leader of The Faithful (Ameerul Momeneen) after that for about six months. Later he resigned from the office in favor of Hazrat Ameer Muawiah ibn Abi Sufyan(May Allah Be Pleased with Him).
The ummaya dynasty started with Hazrat Ameer Muawiah as its first ruler. He nominated the Yazid ibn Ameer Muawiah ibn Abi Sufyan as his successor. Yazid was a wayward man with forbidden habits such as drinking alcohol, womanizing, playing with dogs etc. During of his rule he ended up killing the honourable family members (Ahle Bait) of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and invading the sacred cities of The Holy Madina and The Holy Mecca. The reason for first catastrophe was the fact that leader of the Ahle Bait, Hazrat Imam Hussain ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) refused to accept the unjust rule of Yazid and did not confirm his allegiance after he assumed power. The blood shedding of the great scholar, benevolent philanthropist and the brave fighter, Hazrat Hassan ibn Ali. put the whole muslim nation in great sense of loss and sorrow. That sad account took place on 10th Muharram 61H in Karbala, Kufa, Iraq. Yazid is remembered since as the force of evil. The philosopher Dr. Muhammad Iqbal mentioned him along with Pharoh in following verse:
موسی و فرعون و شبیر و یزید
این دو قوت از حیات آید پدید
زنده حق از قوت شبیری است
باطل آخر داغ حسرت میری است
*Hijrah is the Lunar calendar starting from when the Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) migrated from the Holy city of Mecca to The Holy City of Madinah in present day Saudia Arabia
Muhammad Abu Bakar Siddique