All praise be to Almight Allah and countless blessings on the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upn Him).
Almighty Allah revealed in the Holy Quran:
[Nisa 4:60] Did you not see those whose claim is that they believe in what has been sent down on you and what was sent down before you, and they then wish to make the devil their judge, whereas they were ordered to completely reject him? And the devil wishes to mislead them far astray.
[Nisa 4:61] And when they are told, “Come towards the Book sent down by Allah and to the Noble Messenger,” you will see that the hypocrites turn their faces away from you.
[Nisa 4:62] What will be their state, if some calamity befalls them as a result of what their own hands have sent before them – and then they come to you (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), swearing by Allah that, “Our goal was only to do good and create harmony”?
These verses was revealed at the time when a hypocrite (munafiq) Muslim, named Bashir, had a dispute with a Jew. The Jew proposed to settle the dispute by making the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) their judge. However the hypocrite differed and wanted a Jew, named Ka’b ibn Ashraf, as the judge. This was so because Bashir was on wrong side and he knew that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)
would rule the just decision and that would not be in his favor. On the other hand Ka’b ibn Ashraf was a man of low character who accepted bribes. There he saw an opportunity to get the advantage. The Jew however did not consent in and took the case to the Holy Prophet where he justly received a decision in his favor. The hypocrite Muslim was not yet satisfied. He insisted to take the case to Hazrat Umar Farooq (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) . They went to his house and asked him to resolve their conflict. The Jew explained that the case has earlier received a decision in his favor from the court of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) but Bashir does not agree. Hazrat Umar (May Allah Be Pleased With him) asked Bashir whether it was true. He answered in affirmative. Then Hazrat Umar (May Allah Be Please With Him) told them to wait on him while he entered his house. He came back with his sword and beheaded the hypocrite and declared, “The one who is not satisfied with the verdict of Allah and his Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), such is the verdict of Umar.” The relatives of Bashir took the case to the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Hime) for Qisas as Bashir was apparently a Muslim. Then Allah revealed the above verses in the Holy Quran, Surah Al-Nisa. No Dayyat or Qisas right was sanctioned to the heirs of Bashir on account that he was no more a Muslim when he refused to accept the decision of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). Hazrat Umar (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) was not prosecuted in any way, rather he was given the title of Farooq for his deed, meaning the differentiatior between the truth and the falsehood. The decision was made on spot by Hazrat Umar Farooq(May Allah Be Please With Him) as he was not appointed for this execution. He sensed blasphemy in re-appeal of the hypocrite Muslim and decapitated him immediately.
This event is relavant in the context of current verdict of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in Salman Taseer murder case. The brave policeman Ghazi Mumtaz Qadri shot the governor Salman Taseer after he said that the death penalty for blasphemy law in Pakistan Constitution is a harsh punishment. He went extreme to say that it was a ‘Black Law’. Unfortunately he did see no other law as Black Law. No case for blasphemy was registered against him due to his political power and also due to the fact that the Governors and the Presidents enjoy immunity from being prosecuted according to the constitution. It too is a Black Law for any civilized society as the ruler should be the first to present himself before court if he is facing of criminal allegations. Today is also the death anniversary of respected Ghazi Ilam Ud Din Shaheed who killed the blasphemous publisher Rajpal in Lahore. The founder of Pakistan, Quade-E-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah defended the case of Ghazi Ilam Ud Din Shaheed in court. Prominent Muslim scholars, among them Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, praised the action of Ghazi. May Almighty Allah shower his blessings on him.
Muhammad Abu Bakar Siddique
- Kanzul Iman Translation and Tafseer in Urdu: http://www.dawateislami.net/quran/tafseer#section:quran||4|9|60, accessed on 31-Oct-2015
- Seven tafseers in Arabic: http://quran.ksu.edu.sa/tafseer/eerab/sura4-aya60.html#eerab accessed on 31-Oct-2015
- Translations of the Holy Quran in English: https://www.comp.leeds.ac.uk/nora/html/4-60.html accessed on 31-Oct-2015