There are two major types of views about the life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). The apologetic view is held by the secular Muslims who forget the role of sword in Islam. They try to portray the Islam that allows the enemy to throw garbage on it and say or do nothing about it but take good care of the enemy. The other view is that of Christians who want to portray Islam as cruel and do not hesitate to distort the events through omissions and hate adjectives. Both the views are wrong.
This post addresses only the former view. In recent years the blasphemous attacks on Islam have exponentially increased. Major western powers want to take down the blasphemy law of Pakistan that gives death penalty for a person who tries to insult the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Being negligent of the Islamic history, they also want to take the law down on the basis that Islam is the religion of peace, a blasphemous is an innocent person and the death punishment is too harsh for this crime.
No one can deny that Islam in its early 13 years remained a religion without the sword and this is the time when the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) under went so many hardships and torture. After Jihad was made mandatory, Muslims began to feel security. The Jihad was done in open battles as well as clandestine operations against poets and evils who used poetry to say bad things about the Islam and the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him).
Follows below is the list of clandestine operations to silence the blasphemous poets in the worldly life of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). Some of the incidents were such that the Prophet had not ordered to kill a blasphemous but the pious sahaba could not control their emotions, cases 1,11 and 12 in the list below. These cases, when presented in the court of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him), did not punish the executor, nor by money (dayyat) nor by the life. Since then there have been many cases where blasphemous people were killed out of court and no penalty was imposed on executor.
|Killed||By||How||When||Title/Praise||Crime||Naratted In||Narrated By||Web Address|
|1||Asmaa bint Marwaan from Banu Umayyah ibn Zayd and married to Yazeed ibn Zayd ibn Hisn al-Khatmi||‘Umayr ibn ‘Adiyy ibn Kharashah ibn Umayyah al-Khatmi,||Immediately after Ghazva Badar||“Baseer”, “The validity of what you have done is something that no one could dispute.” and “If you want to see a man who supported Allah and His Messenger, then look at ‘Ubayr ibn ‘Adiyy.”||Poetess committed blasphemy|| al-Waaqidi in al-Maghaazi (p. 173) Ibn Ishaq 364-69 / 548-53 Tabari, The History of al-Tabari, Vol. VII Ishaq, p. 675-676 / 995-966)] al-Qadaa’i (858) from al-Maghaazi||Abdullah ibn al-Haarith told from his father||‘Asma’ bint Marwan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|2||Ka’b bin al-Ashraf of Jewish Banu Nadir||Muhammad bin Maslama, Abu Na’ila (Silkan bin Salama, Ka’b’s foster brother)||Six months after the battle of Badr.||“Knight of the Prophet”||“had gone to Mecca after Badr and provoked Quraysh against the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). He also composed verses in which he bewailed the victims of Quraysh who had been killed at Badr. Shortly afterwards he returned to Medina and composed amatory verses of an insulting nature about the Muslim women.”||Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 270 Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 369 Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 45, Number 687 Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 271 Sahih Muslim, Book 019, Number 4436 Tabari, The History of al-Tabari, Vol. VII||Jabir bin ‘Abdullah||Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|3||Al-Nadr bin al-Harith||Ali, Muhammad’s son-in-law||He was one of two prisoners who were executed and not allowed to be ransomed by their clans—all because they wrote poems and told stories critiquing Muhammad.||March 624||follow him and speak about heroes and kings of Persia, saying, “By God, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) cannot tell a better story than I, and his talk is only of old fables which he has copied as I have.” ,||”Sirat Rasul Allah” by Ibn Ishaq.pp 133-136||Nadr ibn al-Harith – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|4||Uqba bin Abu Muayt||Thabit b. Abu’l-Aqlah al-Ansari||He too was captured during the Battle of Badr, and Muhammad (Peace be upon him)ordered him to be executed. “But who will look after my children, O Muhammad?”||Badar||He too harassed and mocked Muhammad (Peace be upon him)in Mecca and wrote derogatory verses about him|| “Sirat Rasul Allah” by Ibn Hisham’s, . page 308||Abu `Ubayda bin Muhammad bin `Ammar bin Yasir||Uqba ibn Abu Mu’ayt – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|5||Abu Afak from Banu Amr Ibn Awf,||Salim Ibn Umayr al-Amri||4. April 624:||wrote a derogatory poem about Muhammad (Peace be upon him), extolling the ancestors of his tribe who were strong enough to overthrow mountains and to resist submitting to an outsider||SIRAT RASUL ALLAH (THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET OF GOD), BY IBN ISHAQ (1), page 675 KITAB AL TABAQAT AL KABIR (BOOK OF THE MAJOR CLASSES), Volume 2, BY IBN SA’D, (2), page 31||Abu ‘Afak – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|6||Ibn Sunayna||Muhayyisa b. Masud||September 624, Shawwal in the beginning of the twentieth month from the hijrah||used to instigate the people against the Apostle of Allah, and composed (satirical) verses about Muhammad (Peace be upon him)||Ibn Ishaq p. 369 / 534.|
|7||A One-eyed Bedouin||Amr bin Umayya||7. July-August 625:||Poetry|
|8||One of Abdullah bin Katal’s two singing-girls ( Fartana )||January 630||Sang satirical verses about Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), which Abdullah had composed.||Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 819 Bukhari vol. 4, 3044 al-Bukhari Book of Prilgrims Hunting Penalty #72/al-Bukhari 1846 Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 3, Book 29, Hadith 72 Ibn Ishaq, pp. 550-51 / 819 Abu Dawud Book 14, Number 2678 Sahih al-Bukhari 3044/ Book 56, Hadith 250/ Vol. 4, Book 52, Hadith 280|
|9||Abdullah bin Katal||He was killed, even though he was clinging to the curtain of the Kabah shrine.||January 630||Poetry||Bukhari vol. 4, 3044 Ibn Ishaq, pp. 550-51 / 819.|
|10||Abu Rafi’ ibn Abi Al-Huqaiq, Sallam b. Abu’l-Huqayq||Abdullah b. Uqbah or Abdullah b. Atik from B.Salima of Khazraj||I hid myself in a stable for their animals. They closed the fort gate. Later they…..”||used to mock Muhammad (Peace be upon him) with his poetry.||The foundation of the community, By Tabari, pg. 100 Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:52:264 Siratu’l Rasul, vs. 714-715||Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib|
|11||Umm walad||her blind master||She used to make derogatory remarks about Muhammad (Peace be upon him)||Abu Dawood 4361 Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 39, Hadith 4348 Saheeh Sunan An-Nasa’ee, 4081|
|12||A Jewess||A man strangled her till she died.||The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) declared that no recompense was payable for her blood.||to abuse the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)||Abu Dawood 4362 Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 39, Hadith 4349|